ADOLESCENT

SEXUAL HEALTH IN WOODBURY COUNTY


WHAT WE KNOW

WOODBURY COUNTY

Sexuality is a natural, human trait.
In adolescence, we experience significant physical, psychological, and social changes related to our sexuality. We also explore behaviors, values, and feelings which in turn shape our identities.

Sexual health isn’t simply avoiding negative outcomes.
Sexual health at any age is “a state of physical, emotional, mental, and social well–being in relation to sexuality; it is not merely the absence of disease, dysfunction, or infirmity.”

Sexual health is determined by life choices, social and structural factors, and access to education and services.
Healthy sexual development is impacted by an adolescent’s level of access to quality sex education, safe and affordable healthcare, and family support. Outcomes are also influenced by poverty and discrimination, gender inequities and gender role expectations, and the assumption that everyone is or should be heterosexual.


MEET THE TEENS

Woodbury County’s population is 102,782 with 7,362 teens (7%) 15 – 19 years old identifying as:

*Non-Hispanic / Latino


WHAT WE SEE

Education, family and community support, health care access, and poverty influence adolescent sexual health outcomes. Barriers may increase depression, isolation, and violence.

In this county, 85% of students graduate high school, 21% live below the poverty level, and 5% under age 18 lack health insurance.

The Iowa Youth Survey reports that of 6th, 8th, and 11th graders:

  • 75% have positive family relationships while 63% experience family involvement and support
  • 78% agree adults in their community care about teens
  • 75% agree their school peers respect each other’s differences (e.g., gender, race, culture, sexual orientation)
  • 55% report having been bullied at least once (including name-calling, being excluded or ignored, having false rumors spread, making sexual jokes, being physically hurt, or electronically bullied)
  • 10% have received a hurtful electronic message while 10% had something hurtful shared on social media
  • 20% of 11th graders drank alcohol, 13% used tobacco products, 13% used e-cigarettes, & 14% smoked marijuana in the past 30 days

TEEN BIRTH RATE ON THE DECLINE

Despite progress, teens still need age–appropriate, accurate information on abstinence and contraception.

  • About 1810 women aged 13 – 19 need publicly-funded contraceptives and services.
  • Most teen mothers are 18 – 19 years old (73%); 25% of teen mothers are 15 – 17 years.
  • The cost of teen childbearing is estimated to be $5.4 million (2008 dollars).


THE FACTS: In Woodbury County, the number of teen births has decreased 41% since 2011.

WOODBURY County 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Number of teen births (mothers 15 – 19) 140 144 118 120 82
Population of 15 – 19 year old females 3680 3612 3608 3550 3601
Percent of births to teen mothers 9% 10% 8% 8% 6%
Teen birth rate (per 1,000 females, 15 – 19 years) 38 40 33 34 23
Rank among peers** (Counties of >100k pop.) 1 out of 6 1 out of 6 2 out of 6 1 out of 6 1 out of 6
Overall rank** among Iowa’s 99 counties 15 10 18 11 26
*Counts of 5 or less suppressed to protect confidentiality
 

Births per 1,000 females, 15-19y

Source: Iowa Department of Public Health, Bureau of Health Statistics, Vital Records, 2011-2015
 

THE FACTS: Woodbury County’s teen birth rate is higher than Iowa’s statewide rate. In addition, minority teens have a disproportionately higher teen birth rate compared to the county rate: Hispanic / Latina 57 Black / African American 55 American Indian / 92 births per 1000 females, 15-19 years


SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES and HIV/AIDS

Gender disparities in STD rates exist due to physiological and social factors, and greater female testing rates.

  • Statewide, teens 15 – 19 years account for 22% of chlamydia cases, 18% of gonorrhea cases, and 5% of syphilis cases.

  • There are 98 people living with HIV/AIDS in Woodbury County, and fewer than 6* of them are under age 19.
MALES
WOODBURY County 2013 # Cases 2013 Rate 2014 #Cases 2014 Rate 2015 #Cases 2015 Rate
Chlamydia 25 661 26 697 30 798
Gonorrhea * 13 12
FEMALES
WOODBURY County 2013 # Cases 2013 Rate 2014 #Cases 2014 Rate 2015 #Cases 2015 Rate
Chlamydia 107 2966 110 3099 98 2721
Gonorrhea 9 32 901 15 417
* Counts less than six but greater than zero are suppressed to protect confidentiality
Source: Iowa Department of Public Health, Bureau of Disease Prevention & Immunization, Iowa Reportable Sexually Transmitted Disease Data, 2011-2015.